Week 14: 2 Samuel 1-24

“So here is what you are to tell my servant David: The God-of-the-Angel-Armies has this word for you: I took you from the pasture, tagging along after sheep, and made you prince over My people Israel. I was with you everywhere you went and mowed your enemies down before you. Now I’m making you famous, to be ranked with the great names on earth. And I’m going to set aside a place for My people Israel and plant them there so they’ll have their own home and not be knocked around any more. Nor will evil men afflict you as they always have, even during the days I set judges over My people Israel. Finally, I’m going to give you peace from all your enemies.” 2 Samuel 7:8-11 (The Message)

What’s Going On?

David has become a powerful military leader. After the death of King Saul and his son Jonathon, David will rise to the position of King, first over the southern territory of Judah, and then over all of Israel. Under his leadership, Israel is finally able to defeat the Philistines, Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, and Arameans. Jerusalem, soon called the City of David, is captured and established as the royal city and capital of Israel. The Ark is moved from Kiriath-Jearim where it has been kept during the reign of Saul to Jerusalem. A royal palace is built for David and the ark is housed inside a special tent that David had constructed. This is truly the golden era in the history of Israel and David is at times depicted as the perfect human king pointing toward a perfect Heavenly King. While the first half of the book concentrates on all the good times, the second half of the book shows us some of the darker times. We see David having an affair and getting a woman pregnant while her husband is out fighting in David’s army. And to top it all off David has the husband killed in the line of duty so he can marry the woman for himself. While the baby they conceived does die, they later will have another son, Solomon, who will follow David as the next king of Israel. David has constant problems with his other sons, one of which will lead a rebellion against his father. 2 Samuel comes to an end when David takes a census of Israel, something that seems harmless enough, but is actually a sign of pride that angers the Lord. In response to the sin, a plague falls on Israel. David purchases the spot where the plague comes to an end and it is on this land that the Temple of the Lord will soon be built.

When and Where Are We?

The time and place of the story of David are literally in the center and the heart of the Old Testament. Abraham lived about 2000 BC and when Jesus becomes a part of our story, the entire timeline changes over from BC to AD. These events of 1-2 Samuel occur right in the center of those two events at about 1000 BC. It is also during this time in Israel’s history that all of Israel is united as one nation. Never before, and not afterwards, will Israel claim so much land, including all of the territories of the twelve tribes and extending beyond that to include many lands that David conquers in battle.

Who’s Who?

  • Ish-Bosheth – Saul’s son who is appointed king when his father dies, reigns in Israel two years
  • Joab – the commander of David’s army
  • Abner – the commander of Saul’s army
  • Bathsheba – the wife of Uriah, who David has killed so he can marry her; mother of Solomon
  • Solomon – one of David’s sons. Solomon will later replace David as King over all Israel
  • Mephibosheth – Jonathon’s son who is crippled; honored by David
  • Absalom – David’s son who kills his brother Amnon when he rapes Tamar; leads a rebellion

“Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before Me; your throne will be established forever.” 2 Samuel 7:16

Weekly Reading Schedule:

  • Monday: 2 Samuel 1-4
  • Tuesday: 2 Samuel 5-8
  • Wednesday: 2 Samuel 9-12
  • Thursday: 2 Samuel 13-16
  • Friday: 2 Samuel 17-20
  • Saturday: 2 Samuel 21-24
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